10 Mar 2022 3 min read

Climate change: how we engage on adaptation

By Catherine Ogden , Toby MacKean

We believe adaptation to a warming world must not be overlooked; in this blog, we explain why and how we engage on this topic.


Last week, we summarised the key findings from the recently released IPCC report ‘Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability’. The report examines the impacts of climate change on nature and people around the globe, and offers options to strengthen resilience to ongoing climate change. It provides yet further impetus to double down on efforts to achieve the Paris goals, as the scale of the consequences from overshooting them is stark.

What investors can do to support climate adaptation

However, taking action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (known as climate mitigation) must be met with equal action and investment to adapt to a warming world, reducing our exposure and vulnerability to climate change. It is not just people’s lives and livelihoods that are vulnerable, but important physical assets too: property and critical infrastructure such as energy and transportation systems. Current financial flows to adaptation remain insufficient for the scale of the challenge.

As stewards of our clients’ assets, we have long asked investee companies to assess not only transition risks, but also how they and their supply chains stand to be affected by the physical impacts from climate change. We hold companies to account on both disclosure and action, while also analysing climate risks in our own portfolios.

LGIM’s Destination@Risk toolkit allows us to quantify the impacts of chronic physical risk from changes in labour productivity on our asset valuations. We have also sent a clear message to the wider market, joining 50 other investors in setting out expectations of companies with regards to addressing physical climate risks. By acting on these risks, we believe investors can help encourage the climate resilience of portfolio companies, as well as channel investment towards adaptation solutions.

As a direct investor and owner in real estate and infrastructure, the physical impacts of climate change are also expected to pose an increasing risk to our Real Assets portfolio. To increase the resilience of the assets in this portfolio, we have enhanced our approach to assessing potential impacts and embedded this into our investment decision-making process.

For example, as flood risk poses a current and future threat to our UK-based real estate portfolio, granular forward-looking flood risk analysis is carried out annually for all assets. Our parent company L&G*, which puts its own capital into urban regeneration and new commercial and residential housing, also plans to integrate more rigorous consideration of physical climate risk within development and design decisions.

Why investors must act on nature

As well as the direct impacts on the economy, societies and people’s health, climate change negatively affects many of the world’s species and ecosystems, driving biodiversity loss. At the same time, safeguarding and restoring nature is fundamental to both climate-resilient development and mitigating climate change. It is this interdependency between the climate, people and nature which stands out as another core message from the IPCC report.

While the economic impacts of climate inaction have been broadly documented, a lesser emphasised figure is the 50% or more of global GDP which is dependent on nature.[1] Many industries have significant ‘hidden dependencies’ on nature within their supply chain and may be more at risk than is currently understood.[2] Not addressing these dependencies and limitations could pose a risk to our investments.

This is why LGIM has committed to address the issue of biodiversity loss through our stewardship and investment activities, and why – building on work already undertaken on agriculture, land use and forestry – we joined over 30 financial institutions at COP26 in embracing the challenge to eliminate commodity-driven deforestation from our investment portfolios.

As the IPCC argued, the window for action on climate change is ‘brief and rapidly closing’. This is why we continue to take action on this vital issue on our clients’ behalf.



[1] https://www.un.org/en/desa/countries-consider-ground-breaking-change-economic-reporting-includes-natural-capital

[2] https://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_New_Nature_Economy_Report_2020.pdf


*For illustrative purposes only. Reference to a particular security is on a historical basis and does not mean that the security is currently held or will be held within an LGIM portfolio. The above information does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any security.

Catherine Ogden

Manager - Sustainability & Responsible Investment

Catherine joined LGIM in 2015 to help drive forward ESG integration into mainstream fund research and to strengthen sustainability engagements. Prior to this, Catherine spent four years working with governments in Africa and Asia on the sustainable policy, planning and management of the extractives sector, and five years in sell-side equity research. A keen linguist and sportsperson, she bemuses her colleagues with a love of Capoeira and British Military Fitness.

Catherine Ogden

Toby MacKean

Global ESG Analyst

Toby is responsible for LGIM stewardship activities across a range of ESG topics with a specific focus on both climate and nature-related topics, whilst leading on the teams Natural Capital Management theme. He works closely with the Investment team to integrate Stewardship and ESG into investment processes. Toby joined LGIM in February 2022 from Ernst & Young (EY) where he was a Manager in their Climate Change and Sustainability Services team. Whilst there, he worked with a range of clients on various decarbonisation strategy, TCFD and climate target setting projects, provided non-financial assurance and corporate reporting services, as well as led the integration of climate risks into EY’s audit methodologies. Prior to that, he trained as an ICAEW (ACA) chartered accountant working in EY’s products and services department. Toby graduated from Durham University and holds a BSc (Hons) in Geography where his studies focused on climate change and environmental processes. 

Toby MacKean